Neighbouring countries of India is a very important topic for the various government exam. Always questions come with this topic. So in today’s article, we are going to discuss neighbouring countries of India with their capitals
The location of India altitudinally in the northern hemisphere and longitudinally in the southern hemisphere and Asia, India is situated in the southern part of Asia. After Russia and China, India is the third-largest country in Asia. The whole area of India is 32,87,469 squire kilometres.
If we talk about the population of India then India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. India shares its border with nine countries. It means that there are 9 neighbouring countries of India and the name of all 9 countries Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Maldeev, and Shree Lanka. Out of these nine countries 7 shares with land border and 2 shares with water border.
Neighboring countries of India: bordering stats
|Countries||Bordering states of India|
|Afghanistan||Jammu Kashmir (POK)|
|Pakistan||Jammu Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujrat|
|China||Jammu Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh. Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh|
|Nepal||Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Bihar, and West Bengal|
|Bhutan||Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal|
|Myanmar||Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur|
|Bangladesh||West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, and Mizoram|
|Maldive||An Island country in the Indian ocean|
|Shree Lanka||An Island country in the Indian ocean|
Now it’s the time to discuss all the neighbouring countries of India in detail because this topic plays a very important role in various exams even in the interview the question was also asked from this topic.
Neighboring Countries of India in Detail
Official Language- Dari and Pasto
State or Provinces- 34
Currency- Afghan Afghani
National Game- Buzkashi
Afghanistan is located in the northwest part of India and Laddakh is the single state which shares its border with Afghanistan. The border length between India and Afghanistan is 106 Km. The total area of Afghanistan is about 6,52,880 sq Km. The line which is drawn between India and Afghanistan is known as Durand Line. The languages spoken in Afghanistan are Pashto, Dari. Islam is a prominent religion in Afghanistan. The Parliament name of this country is Wolesi Jirga (House of People) with a maximum of 250 seats.
Capital – Islamabad
Official Language- Urdu and English
State or Provinces- 4 Provinces
Currency – Pakistani Rupee
National Game- Hockey
Name of Parliament- National Assembly (With maximum 342 seats)
Pakistan is also situated in the west part of India. It was the country that was initially a part of India in 1947 it got separated from India and made a new country name Pakistan.
Pakistan is the 33rd largest country in the world and its area span over 7,96 095 sq km. The border length between India and Pakistan is known as the Redcliff line. Sindhu River is the largest and famous river in the country which is originated from the Rakastaal lacks Tibbat and falls in the Arabian sea.
Capital – Beijing
Official Language- Mandarin
State or Provinces- 26 Provinces
Currency – Chinese Yuan
National Game- Table Tennis
China is the largest neighbouring country of India. This country spreads over 95,96,960 sq km also this country has the largest population in the world. It is situated in the north part of our country. The border length shared between India and China is 3488 km. In 1962 a war was held between India and China after that they occupied a part of Kashmir now that part is known as the Aksai Chin and the line is known as LAC (Line of Actual Control). The border between India and China is called McMohan Line. The Yangtze is the longest river in the country also it is Asia’s longest river and the world’s third-largest river.
Capital – Kathmandu
Official Language- Nepali
State or Provinces- 7 Provinces
Currency – Nepali Rupee
National Game- Volleyball
This country is spread over an area of about 1,47,181 sq km. The border length which shares India and Nepal is 1751 km. The world’s tallest peak, Mount Everest but also 8 tallest peaks out of 10 all over the world, situated in Nepal, That is why tourism is the biggest source of Economy in this country. The prominent religion which is followed by maximum people is Buddhism. According to the UN data, in the mid of 2020, the total population of Nepal is 2.9 crores and is the 49th largest country by the population.
Capital – Thimphu
Official Language- Dzongkha
State or Provinces- 20 provinces
Currency – Bhutanese Ngultrum
National Game- Archery
Bhutan, officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan, is the smallest neighbouring country of India located in North-East India. This country is surrounded by China in the north and India in the south. Bhutan spreads over an area of 38,394 sq km. Buddhism is a prominent religion that is followed by the majority of people. Bhutan is the single country in the world that produces negative Carbon dioxide. The source of income of the country is Hydropower, Agriculture, Tourism.
Capital – Naypyidaw, Yangon
Official Language- Burmese
State or Provinces- Seven States
Currency – Kyat
National Game- Caneball
The ancient name of Myanmar is Burma. Myanmar is located in the East part of India. The total area of the country is 6,76,578 sq km.1613 Km Boundary is shared between India and Myanmar. Irrawaddy is the famous river in the country. The name of Parliament is the house of Representatives. with a maximum of 440 seats.
Capital – Dhaka
Official Language- Bangali
State or Provinces- 8 Provinces
Currency – Bangladeshi Taka
National Game- Volleyball
Bangladesh is located in South Asia. Bangladesh shares a 4096 km boundary with India which is the fifth-longest border of the world. Bangladesh is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south and India in the north. The coastline of the country is about 580 km. Islam is the prominent religion of the country which is followed by the majority of the people. The total population of Bangladesh is about 16 crores. Before 1971 it was a part of Pakistan and at that time it was known as East Pakistan but after the war of 1971, it got independent.
Also Read- Indian Geography in Hindi
Capital – Male
Official Language- Dhivehi
State or Provinces- 1 Province
Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa
National Game- Football
The country, Maldives is located in the Indian ocean below the Lakshadweep. This country is the smallest Asian country by land. The majority of the people are Muslim in this country. 8° channel bifurcate the Maldives and Minicoy into two parts. The Maldives is very popular for coral islands.
Capital – Colombo and Shri Jayawardene Pura Kotte
Official Language- Sinhala and Tamil
State or Provinces- 9 Provinces
Currency – Shri Lankan Rupee
National Game- Volleyball
Shree Lanka shares a sea line border with India. Shree Lanka is situated in the south of India in the Indian Ocean. There is two capital of Shree Lanka, Colombo (Commercial Capital) and Shri Jayawardene Pura Kotte (Legislative Capital). The total area of the country is 65,000 sq km. Shree Lanks is separated from the Indian subcontinent with the Palk strait and the Gulf of Mannar.
Sample Questions for Neighboring countries of India
Here are few questions which are frequently asked in different government exams and interviews. We hope that these questions will help you in the examination hall.
Q1- Which of them is not the neighbouring country of India
Q2- ———- is the official language of Maldives.
Q3- Which country shares the smallest border with India
Q4- Which Indian state does not share its border with Nepal
- Uttar Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
Answer- Himachal Pradesh
Q5- Which Indian state surrounding three sides of Bangladesh
So this is the post regarding the Neighbouring countries of India with their capital. If you have any doubt regarding the post you can ask in the comment section.