Neighboring Countries of India with their Capitals

Neighbouring Countries of India with Their Capitals

Neighbouring countries of India is a very important topic for the various government exam. Always questions come with this topic. So in today’s article, we are going to discuss neighbouring countries of India with their capitals

The location of India altitudinally in the northern hemisphere and longitudinally in the southern hemisphere and Asia, India is situated in the southern part of Asia. After Russia and China, India is the third-largest country in Asia. The whole area of India is 32,87,469 squire kilometres.

If we talk about the population of  India then India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. India shares its border with nine countries. It means that there are 9 neighbouring countries of India and the name of all 9 countries Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Maldeev, and Shree Lanka. Out of these nine countries 7 shares with land border and 2 shares with water border.

Neighboring countries of India: bordering stats

CountriesBordering states of India
AfghanistanJammu Kashmir (POK)
PakistanJammu Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujrat
ChinaJammu Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh. Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
NepalUttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Bihar, and West Bengal
BhutanSikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal
MyanmarArunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Manipur
BangladeshWest Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, and Mizoram
MaldiveAn Island country in the Indian ocean
Shree LankaAn Island country in the Indian ocean

Now it’s the time to discuss all the neighbouring countries of India in detail because this topic plays a very important role in various exams even in the interview the question was also asked from this topic.

neighbouring countries of India with their capitals
Neighbouring countries of India with their capital

Neighboring Countries of India in Detail


Capital- Kabul

Official Language- Dari and Pasto

State or Provinces- 34

Currency- Afghan Afghani

National Game- Buzkashi

Afghanistan is located in the northwest part of India and Laddakh is the single state which shares its border with Afghanistan. The border length between India and Afghanistan is 106 Km. The total area of Afghanistan is about 6,52,880 sq Km. The line which is drawn between India and Afghanistan is known as Durand Line. The languages spoken in Afghanistan are Pashto, Dari. Islam is a prominent religion in Afghanistan. The Parliament name of this country is Wolesi Jirga (House of People) with a maximum of 250 seats.


Capital – Islamabad

Official Language- Urdu and English

State or Provinces- 4 Provinces

Currency – Pakistani Rupee

National Game- Hockey

Name of Parliament- National Assembly (With maximum 342 seats)

Pakistan is also situated in the west part of India. It was the country that was initially a part of India in 1947 it got separated from India and made a new country name Pakistan.

Pakistan is the 33rd largest country in the world and its area span over 7,96 095 sq km. The border length between India and Pakistan is known as the Redcliff line. Sindhu River is the largest and famous river in the country which is originated from the Rakastaal lacks Tibbat and falls in the Arabian sea.


Capital – Beijing

Official Language-  Mandarin

State or Provinces- 26 Provinces

Currency – Chinese Yuan

National Game- Table Tennis

China is the largest neighbouring country of India. This country spreads over 95,96,960 sq km also this country has the largest population in the world. It is situated in the north part of our country. The border length shared between India and China is 3488 km. In 1962 a war was held between India and China after that they occupied a part of Kashmir now that part is known as the Aksai Chin and the line is known as LAC (Line of Actual Control). The border between India and China is called McMohan Line. The Yangtze is the longest river in the country also it is Asia’s longest river and the world’s third-largest river.


Capital – Kathmandu

Official Language- Nepali

State or Provinces- 7 Provinces

Currency – Nepali Rupee

National Game- Volleyball

This country is spread over an area of about 1,47,181 sq km. The border length which shares India and Nepal is 1751 km. The world’s tallest peak, Mount Everest but also 8 tallest peaks out of 10 all over the world, situated in Nepal, That is why tourism is the biggest source of Economy in this country. The prominent religion which is followed by maximum people is Buddhism. According to the UN data, in the mid of 2020, the total population of Nepal is 2.9 crores and is the 49th largest country by the population. 


Capital – Thimphu

Official Language- Dzongkha

State or Provinces- 20 provinces

Currency – Bhutanese Ngultrum 

National Game- Archery

Bhutan, officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan, is the smallest neighbouring country of India located in North-East India. This country is surrounded by China in the north and India in the south. Bhutan spreads over an area of 38,394 sq km. Buddhism is a prominent religion that is followed by the majority of people. Bhutan is the single country in the world that produces negative Carbon dioxide. The source of income of the country is Hydropower, Agriculture, Tourism.


Capital – Naypyidaw, Yangon

Official Language- Burmese

State or Provinces- Seven States

Currency – Kyat

National Game- Caneball

The ancient name of Myanmar is Burma. Myanmar is located in the East part of India. The total area of the country is 6,76,578 sq km.1613 Km Boundary is shared between India and Myanmar. Irrawaddy is the famous river in the country. The name of Parliament is the house of Representatives. with a maximum of 440 seats.


Capital – Dhaka

Official Language- Bangali

State or Provinces- 8 Provinces

Currency – Bangladeshi Taka

National Game- Volleyball

Bangladesh is located in South Asia. Bangladesh shares a 4096 km boundary with India which is the fifth-longest border of the world. Bangladesh is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south and India in the north. The coastline of the country is about 580 km. Islam is the prominent religion of the country which is followed by the majority of the people. The total population of Bangladesh is about 16 crores. Before 1971 it was a part of Pakistan and at that time it was known as East Pakistan but after the war of 1971, it got independent.

Also Read- SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude Percentage Questions and Answers

Also Read- Indian Geography in Hindi


Capital – Male

Official Language- Dhivehi

State or Provinces- 1 Province 

Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa

National Game- Football
The country, Maldives is located in the Indian ocean below the Lakshadweep. This country is the smallest Asian country by land. The majority of the people are Muslim in this country. 8° channel bifurcate the Maldives and Minicoy into two parts. The Maldives is very popular for coral islands.

Shree Lanka

Capital – Colombo and Shri Jayawardene Pura Kotte

Official Language- Sinhala and Tamil

State or Provinces- 9 Provinces

Currency – Shri Lankan Rupee

National Game- Volleyball

Shree Lanka shares a sea line border with India. Shree Lanka is situated in the south of India in the Indian Ocean. There is two capital of Shree Lanka, Colombo (Commercial Capital) and Shri Jayawardene Pura Kotte (Legislative Capital). The total area of the country is 65,000 sq km. Shree Lanks is separated from the Indian subcontinent with the Palk strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Sample Questions for Neighboring countries of India

Here are few questions which are frequently asked in different government exams and interviews. We hope that these questions will help you in the examination hall. 

Q1-  Which of them is not the neighbouring country of India

  1.  Myanmar
  2. Bhutan
  3. Kyrgyzstan
  4. Afghanistan

Answer-  Kyrgyzstan

Q2-  ———- is the official language of Maldives.

  1. Sinhala
  2. Tamil
  3. Dhivehi
  4. Urdu

Answer- Dhivehi

Q3- Which country shares the smallest border with India 

  1. Maldives
  2. Myanmar
  3. Bhutan
  4. Afghanistan

Answer- Afghanistan

Q4- Which Indian state does not share its border with Nepal

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Sikkim
  3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Uttrakhand

Answer-  Himachal Pradesh

Q5- Which Indian state surrounding three sides of Bangladesh

  1. Tripura
  2. Mizoram
  3. Nagaland
  4. Assam

Answer- Tripura 

So this is the post regarding the Neighbouring countries of India with their capital. If you have any doubt regarding the post you can ask in the comment section.

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